When you have completed the preparation stage which include measuring how much artificial grass you will need, installing appropriate drainage (if necessary and removing the natural grass layer, you will be able to install your artificial grass lawn. This article outlines the steps you need to follow to help you to complete the job right, from laying the base, connecting joints and preventing weed growth.
Lay Gravel Base followed by Sharp Sand – If neccessary, use treated timber/timber stakes to put inside an area frame. We recommend 4 X 2 inches of tantalised treated timber for heavy clay soil areas and poorly draining areas and two X 2 inches of tantalised timber permanently draining areas. Screw these timbers to the stakes leaving the stakes on the inside of the perimeter. Should the Artificial Grass meet a concrete path, wall or decking, position the timber flush with all the surface height and through using 10mm temporary fillet, pack the timber near the wall leaving the space to help you tuck the Artificial Grass involving the timber and the adjoining material with a later stage.
Position the stakes against the inner perimeter timber edging and hammer in the ground ensuring the stakes are slightly lower than the timber edging. Next screw the timber stake to the timber edging. With heavy clay soils we recommend laying a crushed stone surface as much as 3 inches. This will never be necessary for the majority of areas and just required for those who have a very high water table where ground holds water for a long period of energy after it rains. Next compact the ground using a vibrating plate that may be hired from an equipment hire company. Guarantee the perimeter is compacted and underneath the timber edging by 1 inch. Infill the perimeter with sharp sand and level using a rake. Make sure the sand is level to the top from the timber edging and compact again.
Once and for all drainage areas spread a layer of sharp sand to blind within the soil. Next compact the floor employing a vibrating plate that can be hired from an equipment hire company. Ensure the perimeter is compacted and level using the timber edging. If you put more function in at this time, your Artificial Grass Lawn will look better because of this.
Weed Control Layer – Apply the weed control geo textile membrane and cut as necessary. Tack using small 1 inch galvanised clout nails for the timber edging. This weed control geo textile membrane prevents any chance of weed growth with the artificial grass drainage holes.
Roll out Artificial Grass – Lay the Artificial Grass inside the desired direction working on the carpet rather than on the levelled base. Make sure the carpet is positioned to minimise cuts, joints and waste overlaying the timber edging by no less than 4 inches. When the artificial grass meets a path or edge, and if you have laid the timber edging correctly as previously described, then your artificial grass could be wedged between. If joining, please ensure that the artificial grass is laid with the pile running inside the same direction on each piece. Lay the carpet on the top of the sand rather than dragging it across the base material. To aid stop wrinkles or creasing it is best to allow 2 to 3 hours to settle before continuing with jointing and adhesive. Cut grass to shape utilizing a sharp Dolphin or Stanley knife or scissors.
Jointing – When jointing your outdoor carpet together, guarantee the pile runs in the same direction. Stop manufacturer’s edge strip (if present) and butt two edges together ensuring you can find no gaps more than 1mm between the two carpet edges. The precision with this will determine how visible the join is following the completion. Fold back edges and position jointing tape (smooth side down) in order that the edges from the carpet meet the tape when joined.
Adhesive – a) Apply the cartridge adhesive in a zig zag motion to the rougher side from the tape allowing one cartridge for each 3 linear metres. Reject carpet and press both edges in to the wet adhesive, ensuring every piece marries up and it has no overlap. Since you are doing this with your fingers, mix the fibres together to conceal the join. When the whole length is within place and you are satisfied using its appearance it is actually required to walk over the join many times to activate the glue and bond the grass to the tape. Weigh down the seam to make sure good connection with the glue until it cures. The greater care taken with the operation the neater and tidier the joint will be.
b) If utilizing the 2-component multi-purpose adhesive, ensure thorough mixing of the two components before use. Apply adhesive to the rough side in the tape and spread evenly across a width of a minimum of 20cm using when possible a notched trowel. Sufficient adhesive should be applied so that once the artificial grass carpet is pressed in to the adhesive, a transfer over the carpet backing is done. Turn down carpet and press both edges into the wet adhesive, ensuring each piece marries up and it has no overlap. Ensure the carpet does not crest in the seam and it is holding flat within the bonded area. Once the whole length is at place and you are happy with its appearance it is actually required to walk across the join repeatedly to activate the glue and bond the grass to the tape. Weight the seam to ensure good contact with the glue until it cures. The more care taken with all the operation the neater and tidier the joint will likely be.
When you should endeavour not to put adhesive on the carpet small amounts of glue are easy to remove through the artificial grass fibre using White Spirit as well as a small off cut in the artificial grass. Small amounts of cured glue usually can be removed. To prevent this situation and the potential of injury to the artificial grass, care and precautions needs to be come to avoid exposure to the fibres at all times. Once the artificial grass has been jointed and glued and you also are pleased with all the levels screw the xfjoaf to the timber perimeter framework using galvanised screws at a minimum of 12 inch intervals.
Spread Sand (Optional, according to Grass Selected) – Once the artificial grass has been laid use silica sand, which can be kiln dried and brush into carpet as you go. Each product could have sand infill but this really is only used to stabilise the carpet and also at virtually no time should the sand be visible. You must obtain an even spread over the surface using a brush to develop the depth in layers. Do not apply the sand in a single application. Brush sand into pile immediately after laying while the artificial grass is dry and even though weather conditions are good. Brush vigorously from the fibres in the carpet pile to encourage the tufts to stand upright. Putting the right quantity of sand in helps hold the artificial grass to sleep down, protects the fibres and in addition keeps them standing allow it the look of real grass.