People show an increasing tendency towards having their own wind turbines for generating their particular electricity as well as for reducing their contribution to environmental problems as a result of carbon based energy sources.
Wind turbines as well as their operation
A wind turbine is actually a machine that can convert the kinetic energy in the wind into electrical energy. Blowing wind rotates the blades in the turbine and also the mechanism in it can generate electricity upon this rotation. Wind turbines have mainly 2 types. Horizontal axis and vertical axis wind turbines. Both of them have pros and cons but horizontal axis ones are definitely more common due to higher efficiency.
Individual wind turbines
Individual turbines can be used for many different purposes starting from supplying energy for many small electrical devices where grid connection will not be possible to meeting area of the energy need for a home, a farm or even a production facility. Individual generation systems can be standalone or grid connected. The vitality output from the standalone China Wind Generator can be directly used. However, in grid connected systems excess electricity produced can be supplied for the national grid system. In Ireland, you will get chance to be purchased the surplus electricity you supply to the grid up to 500kW. Individual wind turbines can range from as small as 50W to as large as 3 MW, based on their purpose of use.
Individual wind turbines for domestic use
Unlike large industrial wind turbines, these turbines have smaller dimensions that make them appropriate for using in relatively smaller areas. Their capacities range from as small as 50 watts to as high as 50 kilowatts and their prices vary depending on their sizes, types and manufacturers.
How to proceed for installing a tiny wind generation system?
* First of all you must decide whether you really need a small scale wind turbine for the energy needs. Sometimes just saving some energy can lower your debts but if the basis for considering a small turbine has been in off-grid areas you can go on to another steps.
* Inspect your website or your building (for rooftop turbines) to view whether it is right for installing a wind turbine. You should have enough space to install a turbine with no wind being blocked by other buildings or obstacles.
* Determine your power needs. Your electricity bills will likely be the best references.
* See if the spot you will install your turbine is windy enough. You can always find wind measurement data in wind energy associations’ websites for your area.
* According to your power requirement and also the wind potential in your area, decide the capability and type of the turbine you will want.
* Your small scale wind product is expected to get a ROI time of maximum fifteen years. Economic lifetime of any small wind turbine without changing the key elements is estimated to become about two decades and proper maintenance increases this. However, maintenance needs of small wind turbines are anticipated to become minimal.
* Have any permits required in your town.
* You will likely need to have a contractor for erection, assembly, electrical connections of your own wind turbine. However, if your turbine is micro scale, you can do these jobs alone as well. You can find domestic scale wind turbines as well as 400W or 1 kW self installed turbines and accessories on windturbines.ie.
Individual wind turbines for industrial uses, i.e. factory sites
Turbines for industrial uses have capacities between 500kW to 3 MW. You will be able to produce electricity for wind speeds between 3 m/s and 25 m/s. For times that the wind is not blowing, one can still get electricity from the grid. This will lead to additional revenue in addition to your reduced electricity bills.
Steps towards a wind turbine installation in your factory site:
The steps that needs to be made for installing an industrial scale wind turbine are approximately the same as those for installing a domestic turbine. The only real difference is because they require more expertise. So it would be a smart idea to take a turnkey service from a specialist company in order not to experience any problems. The stages to get a turbine installation are outlined below:
* Wind Measurement: As your annual electricity generation depends mainly on wind speed, this method is of vital importance to be able to forecast your power production. You can never know what you would generate without knowing what you have in hand.
* Feasibility studies: This can be an in depth study to let you know rskxmv your proposed system will be a feasible project or otherwise.
* Grid connection studies: This method assesses grid connection possibilities for your proposed wind turbine.
* Permission: Planning and installing of your wind turbine will demand some permits on planning stage and during installation. Failure to have these permits may result in legal enforcement.
* Project budget planning: What you will have to spend for your wind turbine project from starting to the final is a vital item in any kind of preparing for business.
* Procurement, commissioning and installation: All of your equipment and staff needs to get a turnkey project.
* Post-sales services: Issues like warranty, technical service, and maintenance.