The importance of bollards has dramatically increased in the past decade because of heightened concerns about security. They are a basic, practical, and cost-effective means of erecting anti-ram perimeter defense without developing a visual feeling of a fortified bunker. Bollards are popular for traffic direction and control, and in purely decorative applications. However, bollards can serve many functions beyond security. They can be used purely artistic purposes, functioning as landscaping elements. Bollards can create visible boundaries of a property, or separate areas within sites. They can control traffic and are often arranged to permit pedestrian access while preventing entry of vehicles.
Removable and retractable bollards can allow different levels of access restriction for a variety of circumstances. They frequently tell us where we are able to and cannot drive, park, bike, or walk, protect us from crime, shield vehicles and property from accidents, and add aesthetic features to our own building exteriors and surrounding areas. Bollards can incorporate other functions including lighting, security cameras, bicycle parking as well as seating. Decorative bollards are produced in a number of patterns to harmonize with a wide range of architectural styles. The prevalence of the very most common type of security bollard, the concrete-filled steel pipe, has encouraged the manufacturing of decorative bollards created to fit as covers over standard steel pipe sizes, adding pleasing form to the required function.
What Is A Bollard?
A bollard is a short vertical post. Early bollards were for mooring large ships at dock, plus they are still in use today. A typical marine bollard is manufactured in cast iron or steel and shaped somewhat just like a mushroom; the enlarged top is made to prevent mooring ropes from slipping off.
Today, the term bollard also describes many different structures applied to streets, around buildings, and in landscaping. In accordance with legend, the first street bollards were actually cannons – sometimes reported to be captured enemy weapons – planted in the earth as boundary posts and town markers. Once the flow of former cannons was used up, similarly shaped iron castings were made to match the same functions. Bollards have since evolved into many varieties which are widely employed on roads, particularly in urban areas, along with outside supermarkets, restaurants, hotels, shops, government buildings and stadiums.
The most frequent form of bollard is fixed. The simplest is definitely an unaesthetic steel post, about 914 to 1219 mm (36 to 48 in.) above-grade. Specially manufactured bollards include not just simple posts, but additionally numerous decorative designs. Some feature square or rectangular cross-sections, but a majority of are cylindrical, sometimes with a domed, angled, or flat cap. They are offered in a variety of metallic, painted, and sturdy powder coat finishes.
Removable bollards are utilized where the requirement to limit access or direct traffic changes occasionally. Both retractable and fold-down styles are employed where selective entry is frequently needed, and therefore are designed so the bollard can be easily collapsed to ground level and quickly re-erected. Both retractable units may be manually operated or automated with hydraulic movements. Movable bollards are large, heavy objects – frequently stone or concrete – that depend on their weight rather than structural anchoring in which to stay place. They are designed to be moved rarely, and after that simply with heavy machinery such as a fork-lift.
Bollards generally fall under three kinds of applications:
Decorative Bollards – decorative bollards for architectural or landscaping highlights;
Traffic and Safety Bollards – bollards that offer asset and pedestrian safety, in addition to traffic direction; and
Security Bollards and Post Covers – decorative, impact-resistant bollard enhancements
Some bollards are intended purely to become an ornament. As standalone architectural or landscaping features, they could border, divide, or define a place. They can be accents, sentries, or supporting players to larger, more dramatic architectural gesture.
Decorative bollards are made to harmonize with both traditional and contemporary architectural styles. The second lean toward visual simplicity – often straight-sided posts with several reveals near the top. Styles designed to match various historic periods usually have more elaborate shapes and surface details. Such as flutes, bands, scrolls and other ornamentation.The post-top is actually a distinctive feature; traditional bollard design often includes elaborate decorative finials, whereas contemporary versions frequently feature a simple rounded or slanted top to discourage passersby from leaving trash or using them for impromptu seating. On the other hand, these are sometimes made flat and broad specifically to encourage seating. Common decorative bollard materials include iron, aluminum, stainless, and concrete.
Ornamental designs with elaborate detail are often made of iron or aluminum casting. Aluminum bollards are desirable for applications where weight is a problem, like a removable bollard. Aluminum units are usually slightly more expensive than iron. For applications in which a decorative bollard may be subjected to destructive impact, ductile iron is a safer choice than more brittle metals, as force will deform the metal instead of shatter and transforming it into possible hazardous flying projectiles.
Iron and aluminum bollards are frequently manufactured by sand-casting – a conventional foundry technique that is certainly economical and well-suited to objects this size. However, sand-cast objects frequently bear surface irregularities that often leave the finished product less popular with the attention. If high-finish consistency is desired, seek a manufacturer which will machine 100% in the surface after casting to create units having a uniform surface for max looks.
Finish is a vital consideration in a decorative bollard, from functional along with aesthetic standpoints. Bollards are, by their nature, vulnerable to being scratched or nicked by pedestrians and vehicles. Those located near roadways are in contact with a fairly aggressive environment; petrochemical residues and splashes of diluted road de-icing salts may compromise wygcgg painted finishes. Factory-applied powder coating – that is on iron, aluminum, and steel – is definitely an especially durable type of painted finish. The application form process builds a coating with very consistent coverage. During coating, any bare metal tends to attract the powder, eliminating pinholes in coverage. The baking procedure that completes the finish gives it additional toughness and abuse resistance.
In applications where greater physical abuse is predictable, decorative bollards made of aluminum might be a better option than iron. In the event the finish coat is damaged, aluminum oxidizes to some color that is generally more acceptable compared to red rust made by iron. Aluminum and stainless-steel can also be found in a variety of bare metal finishes. Functionality may be put into the otherwise decorative bollard. For instance, common option is the chain eye – linking two or more bollards with chain, making a simple traffic direction system. A sizable metal loop or arm on the side in the post allows parking and locking of bicycles, a progressively popular choice as increasing numbers of people seek alternative green transportation. Bollards might also contain lighting units or security devices, like motion sensors or cameras.